TOUT in French

Tout, tous, toute, toutes means all, the whole, every, everything


1 – TOUT as an Adjective

As an adjective, tout agrees with the noun.
Meaning: all, whole.

J’ai pris tout l’argent (argent is masculine): I took all the money
Il a visité toute la maison (maison is feminine): he visited the whole house
Tous ses enfants sont en vacances: All his children are on holidays

Be careful:

Every day: tous les jours, but all day: toute la journée (duration)
Every time: chaque fois, but all the time: tout le temps

The negative form:

Not all French people eat cheese: Tous les Français ne mangent pas du fromage.

Idioms:

Tous les 5 mètres: every 5 meters
Toutes les deux heures: every 2 hours
Tous les deux: both of them

2 – TOUT as an Adverb

As all adverbs, tout should be invariable but it is not! Tout agrees with feminine words starting with a consonant or an unplugged H, but not with masculine words or feminine words starting with a vowel or an plugged H!

Tout means very, quite

C’est tout naturel: it is quite natural
Toute petite, elle aimait aller à la plage: as a child, she enjoyed going to the beach. (petite is for a girl, so we say ‘toute’)
Je suis tout ouïe: I am all ears (ouïe is feminine but starts with a vowel so no agreement)
Elle est tout heureuse
Elle est toute contente
C’est une tout autre histoire: that’s quite another story (histoire is feminine but autre starts with a vowel, so again, no agreement)
Les toutes premières heures: the very first hours (premières starts with a consonant, so tout agrees with this feminine word)

Idioms:

Tout près: very close, near
Tout au fond: at the very bottom
Des idées toutes faites: preconceived ideas

3 – TOUT as a Pronoun

To understand this is a pronoun, you can say “Peter” instead (Everything is fine or Peter is fine, so everything is a pronoun)

Tout va bien: everything is fine
Les enfants mangent de tout: children eats everything
Ce sera tout? Will that be all?

Idioms:

Tout de suite: immediately
Tout à l’heure: later, in a short time (je te vois tout à l’heure: I will see you later)
Tout à fait: entirely, quite (je suis tout à fait d’accord: I agree completely)
En tout cas: anyway
Malgré tout: in spite of everything
Rien du tout: nothing at all
Tout à coup: all of a sudden

QUIZ

[WpProQuiz 26]
Pascal Dherve

Share
Published by
Pascal Dherve

Recent Posts

Imparfait vs Passé Composé

Comparaison: Imparfait vs Passé ComposéRead moreImparfait vs Passé Composé

7 months ago

Colors in French

Colors in FrenchRead moreColors in French

8 months ago

French Idiomatic Expressions – 5

Daily French Expressions

8 months ago

French Idiomatic Expressions – 3

French Daily Expressions

8 months ago

French Idiomatic Expressions – 4

Daily French Expressions

8 months ago

Ordinal Numbers in French – Basic French

Ordinal Numbers in French - Basic FrenchRead moreOrdinal Numbers in French – Basic French

8 months ago