Categories: French Grammar

Plural in French

Plural of the nouns and adjectives in French:

Here is the video:

and now the script:

the main rule:

you add an “s” at the end of the word.

Many exceptions:

1- Some words are invariable:

a-words ending in “s”, in “x”, in “z”:

bus, paix, gaz

b- Chic, Snob, Mille:

des gens chic: no “s” at the end of chic, the same for snob and mille.
For hundred and eighty is different:

Deux cents ( 2 hundred) but deux cent trois (2 hundred and three)
Quatre-vingts pages but quatre-vingt-deux pages

2- plural of the words ending in “eu”, “eau”, and “au”:
they have a “x” instead of a “s” :

feu= feux; gâteau= gâteaux; tuyau= tuyaux.

3- plural of the words ending in “al”
they have a plural in “aux”

Cheval= chevaux; animal= animaux; général= généraux…
but festival = festivals.

4-plural of the words ending in “ou”
they are regular, so a “s” for the plural form but 7 exceptions to know by heart:

•Bijou (jewel): bijoux
•caillou (stone): cailloux
•chou (cabbage): choux
•genou (knee): genoux
•hibou (owl): hiboux
•joujou (toy): joujoux
•pou (louse): poux
and a new one: ripou, ripoux (crook)
5- colours:
they have a “s”, but not the words coming from a fruit or a flower:
Un livre orange, des livres orange (orange is a fruit)
however des chemises roses (rose is an exception)
also: we say une chemise verte but une chemise vert clair, when you combin several words, they become invariable.
des chemises vert clair or des chaussures gris foncé.
6- Words that change gender:
Amour, Délice, Orgue are masculine at singular but feminine for the plural, so we say:
un grand amour but de grandes amours
Gens (people) is even weirder, we say:
des gens intéressants but de petites gens, when the adjective is before the word gens, it becomes feminine!
This list is not exhaustive but you have here the main rule and exceptions.
Pascal Dherve

Leave a Comment
Published by
Pascal Dherve

Recent Posts

French Prepositions with Countries, Cities

Countries We need to know the gender of the word and pay attention to the…

3 months ago

Porter, Apporter, Emporter

Porter, Apporter, Emporter 1. Porter (for things)Read morePorter, Apporter, Emporter

2 years ago

Imparfait vs Passé Composé

Comparaison: Imparfait vs Passé ComposéRead moreImparfait vs Passé Composé

2 years ago

Colors in French

Colors in FrenchRead moreColors in French

2 years ago

French Idiomatic Expressions – 5

Daily French Expressions

3 years ago

French Idiomatic Expressions – 3

French Daily Expressions

3 years ago