Categories: French tenses

Passé Composé – Avoir Part 1

French Passe Compose

Le Passé Composé in French (compound past) is a past tense not related to the present, speaking about facts with no reference to duration.Video.

le Passé Composé is translated in  Preterit
Present Perfect

Le passé composé = auxiliary verb (avoir or être) + Participe Passé (past participle)

Part 1: Passé composé with the auxiliary verb avoir

J’ai mangé
I ate
I have eaten

Hier, j’ai mangé des pâtes: Yesterday, I ate pasta.
J’ai mangé des pâtes trois fois dans la semaine: I have eaten pasta three times in the week.
In both examples, it is a past event not related to a duration or repetition.

J’ai mangé
Tu as mangé
Il,elle,on a mangé
Nous avons mangé
Vous avez mangé
Ils, elles ont mangé

Je n´ai pas mangé
Tu n’as pas mangé
Il,elle,on n’a pas mangé
Nous n’avons pas mangé
Vous n’avez pas mangé
Ils, elles n’ont pas mangé

 Place of the adverb:
I have eaten well: J’ai bien mangé  Place of the pronoun:
You ate it: tu l’as mangé

A. Invariable

Elle a joué
Nous avons chanté
Vous avez parlé

The past participle is invariable as there is no agreement between it and the subject of the sentence

B. Agreement

 Important: There is an agreement but with the direct object when there is one and it is placed before the verbs.

Direct Object: I ate apples
Apples is the direct object (direct because there is no preposition before)

J’ai mangé des pommes (here des is the plural of the indefinite article une)
The pronoun used to replace Pommes is les
Je les ai mangées ( I ate them)
Les is feminine plural and placed before the verbs so there is an agreement with the past participle: mangées

Les pommes que j’ai mangées (again Pommes is before)

To go further:

J’ai écrit à mes enfants: I wrote to my children
Écrire is a prepositional verb, so no agreement, even if the pronoun is before: Je leur ai écrit
But J’ai écrit une lettre à mes enfants, in this sentence there are a direct (lettre) and an indirect object (enfants)
Je la leur ai écrite: the agreement is between la placed before the verbs abs the past participle.

Passé Composé French Irregular Verbs Passe Compose
Passé Composé Passe Compose with être

Exercise for Passé Composé

Pascal Dherve

Leave a Comment
Published by
Pascal Dherve

Recent Posts

French Prepositions with Countries, Cities

Countries We need to know the gender of the word and pay attention to the…

11 months ago

Porter, Apporter, Emporter

Porter, Apporter, Emporter 1. Porter (for things)Read morePorter, Apporter, Emporter

3 years ago

Imparfait vs Passé Composé

Comparaison: Imparfait vs Passé ComposéRead moreImparfait vs Passé Composé

3 years ago

Colors in French

Colors in FrenchRead moreColors in French

3 years ago

French Idiomatic Expressions – 5

Daily French Expressions

3 years ago

French Idiomatic Expressions – 3

French Daily Expressions

3 years ago