Ordinal Numbers in French

Main Rule: Ordinal Numbers in French

•You drop the final “e”, if there is one, of any cardinal number and you add: -ième
For example with 12: Douze, you drop the final “e” and add “ième” = douzième and that’s it!

Here is the video

Exceptions:

First:
Premier (masculine form)
Première (feminine form)

We use “premier” like “first” in English, however we also use it for the first day of the months and only the first, we say:

le premier juin, but le 2 juin, le 3 juin etc…

Second:

Deuxième (to count more than two things)
Second and seconde (to count only two things)

Third is regular: troisième
( a “s” between two vowels has the sound “z”)
•Quatrième:4eme
•Cinquième:5eme (note the “u”)
•Sixième: 6eme ( the “x” sounds like a “z”)
•Septième:7eme
•Huitième:8eme
•Neuvième:9eme (the “f” of neuf becomes a “v”)
•Dixième: 10eme or 10e ( the “x” sounds like a “z”)
•Nième or n-ième or enième: nth

Fraction:

•Half: la moitié or le or la demi
Une demi-heure, c’est la moitié d’une heure.
•1/3: un tiers
•1/4: un quart
•1/5: un cinquième
•1/6: un sixième

Pascal Dherve

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Pascal Dherve

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