French Subject Pronouns

The Subject Pronouns in French

1. Je : I

There is no capital letter: je (only when it is the first word of the sentence)

Je before a verb starting with a consonant: je mange
But J’ before a h or vowel: J’habite, j’aime

Sometimes the sound “je” becomes “sh” by contractions: je sais  shey
Je ne sais pas  shey pa

2. Tu : You

Singular and familiar with people you know or informal way.

Tu manges
Tu habites
Tu aimes

However when we speak tu  t’
T’habites, t’aimes

3. il : he, it

For people, animals, things

Il mange

Liaison:
Il aime  i laime
Il habite  i labite
Il est  i ley

Even when we speak il becomes i:
i vient ou i vient pas: Is he coming or not?

4. Elle : she, it

For people, animals, things

Liaison:
Elle aime  ey laime
Elle habite  ey labite
Elle est  ey ley

Even when we speak elle becomes ey
ey vient ou quoi? is she coming or what?

5. On: one, we

Very common subject to use instead of We:
On means One: One says… On dit…
But more common for We
On est fatigués: we are tired
The subject and the verb are singular, but the following word is plural!

Liaison:
On habite  on nabite
On aime  on naime
On est  on ney

6. Nous: we

Liaison:
Nous venons: we come
Nous aimons  nou zaimons
Nous habitons  nou zabitons

7. Vous: you

This subject has 6 meanings:
Vous plural of Tu, so informal, with people you know: masculine, mixed or just feminine
Vous singular formal: masculine or feminine
Vous plural formal: masculine, mixed, or just feminine

Liaison:
Vous venez: you come
Vous aimez  vou zaimez
Vous habitez  vou zabitez

 

You in French

 

 

 

 

 

 

8. Ils: they (masculine, masculine + feminine)

For people, animals, things

Liaison:
Ils viennent: they come
Ils aiment  il zaim
Ils habitent  il zabit

Sometimes you will just hear the sound “i”: i viennent, i zaim…

9. Elles: they (feminine)

For people, animals, things

Liaison:
Elles viennent: they come
Elles aiment  Elle zaim
Elles habitent  Elle zabit

Sometimes you will just hear the sound “ey”: ey viennent, ey zaim…

French subject pronouns

Test your knowledge with the verbs to be and to have in French:

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