French Recent Past

French Recent Past

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1- Venir de + infinitive: to have just + past participle

I have just eatenJe viens de manger
You have just finishedTu viens de finir
He has just arrivedIl vient d’arriver
We have just done itOn vient de le faire
We have just got upNous venons de nous lever
You have just said itVous venez de le dire
They have just leftIls viennent de partir

Meaning:

– Depending on the context, it means a few minutes ago or a few days:
On vient de passer à l’heure d’été: We have just switched to daylight savings time (put our clock forward)

A- You can also add the word “juste” in French with the same meaning, just to stress the recent past:

Je viens juste de terminer: I have just finished. The meaning is a few seconds ago. Je viens de manger can be a few minutes ago.

We also add “à l’instant” at the end of the sentence: Il vient de partir à l’instant: he has just this minute gone.

B- In the past, we only use the imparfait (not the passé composé): Il venait de partir: he had just gone.

2- Translation of “I have just been + PP”

I have just been told that: on vient de me dire que

We have just been sent: on vient de nous envoyer

She has just been given: on vient de lui donner

3- Some Expressions you should know:

Il vient de m’arriver une tuile: I have just had a problem

La nouvelle vient de tomber: the news has just come through

Ce que tu viens de dire est horrible: What you have just said is horrible

Un bébé qui vient de naître: a newborn baby

C’est nouveau, ça vient de sortir: it is new, it has just come out

 

Finally, don’t mix venir de + inf and venir de + noun (to come from):

Je viens du jardin: I am coming from the garden.

Exercise: Translate the sentences into French and check the answer.

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