French Present Tense – Part A: Irregular Verbs in -ir

Present tense of irregular verbs

French Present Tense Irregular Verbs


Irregular Verbs

They are about 350, we can put some into groups.

Verbs ending in -ir

Dormir (to sleep): -s, -s, -t, -ons, -ez, -ent

Je
Tu
Il, elle, on
Nous
Vous
Ils, elles
 dor
dor
dor
dorm
dorm
dorm 
s
s
t
ons
ez
ent

Similar verbs: se rendormir, s’endormir (je m’endors, tu t’endors…)

Tenir (to hold): -s, -s, -t, -ons, -ez, -ent

Je
Tu
Il, elle, on
Nous
Vous
Ils, elles
tien
tien
tien
ten
ten
tienn
s
s
t
ons
ez
ent

Similar verbs: s’abstenir  (to abstain, to refrain) – appartenir (to belong) – contenir (to contain) – détenir (to be in possession of)- entretenir  (to maintain, to look after) – maintenir  (to maintain, to keep) – obtenir (to get) – retenir (to hold back) –  soutenir (to support)
Venir (to come): je viens, tu viens, il vient, nous venons, vous venez, ils viennent – convenir  (to suit)- devenir (to become)- intervenir (to intervene)  – parvenir (to reach, to get to) – prévenir (to warn, to inform) – provenir (to come from) – revenir (to come back) – se souvenir (to remember) – subvenir (to provide for) – survenir (to occur)

Partir (to leave): -s, -s, -t, -ons, -ez, -ent

Je
Tu
Il, elle, on
Nous
Vous
Ils, elles
 par
par
par
part
part
part 
s
s
t
ons
ez
ent

Sentir (to feel, to smell): -s, -s, -t, -ons, -ez, -ent

Je
Tu
Il, elle, on
Nous
Vous
Ils, elles
 sen
sen
sen
sent
sent
sent 
s
s
t
ons
ez
ent

Similar verbs: consentir (to agree, to consent) – pressentir (to have a feeling) – ressentir (to feel, to experience)

Courir (to run): -s, -s, -t, -ons, -ez, -ent

Je
Tu
Il, elle, on
Nous
Vous
Ils, elles
 cour
cour
cour
cour
cour
cour 
s
s
t
ons
ez
ent

Similar verbs: accourir (to rush up) – concourir (to compete) – discourir (to discourse) – encourir (to incur) – parcourir (to cover, to travel) – recourir (to appeal to)- secourir (to help, to rescue)

However verbs like: ouvrir (to open), souffrir (to suffer), offrir (to offer) conjugate like 1st group verbs:

Ouvrir (to open): -e, -es, -e, -ons, -ez, -ent

J’
Tu
Il, elle, on
Nous
Vous
Ils, elles
 ouvr
ouvr
ouvr
ouvr
ouvr
ouvr 
e
es
e
ons
ez
ent

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