Categories: French Grammar

French Object Pronouns – 2

In this video, the object pronouns are: en, le, la , les, lui, leur, y. We are going to see when to use them to replace a noun.

1. En

We use it, first, to replace the noun after the preposition: de, du, des

 

 

 

 

 

En replaces all these nouns: gâteau, tarte, eau, pommes (singular, plural, masculine, feminine)

And also with indefinite articles, this way:

 

 

 

 

As you can see, weed to add the indefinite article at the end.
it works with numbers:
J’en ai trois
J’en veux deux…

And also with bigger sentences:
Il aime parler de ses vacances à la mer  il aime en parler

Negative form:

Il n’en veut pas

2. Le, La, Les

With definite things

 

 

 

 

 

Here, we are not talking about ‘some’ things but about the thing!
And the pronouns le, la, les are like the definite articles.

It also works with possessive and demonstrative:

 

 

 

 

So now you can see the difference between:

J’en ai mangé un et je l’ai mangé.

Negative form:

Il ne le veut pas
Il ne les veut pas

3. Lui, Leur

it is about Indirect Objects with people or animals

 

 

 

 

 

You remember that as an indirect object, “lui” may be masculine or feminine.

Negative Form:

Il ne lui téléphone pas

4. Y

With location and also as an indirect objects with things after the preposition à:
Location:

 

 

 

 

Indirect Object:

 

 

 

 

With people, we need the proper pronoun
Il pense à lui, il pense à eux
And with some verbs, you can’t say: il lui pense (incorrect French) but il pense à lui.
(however in France, you will certainly hear someone saying “il y pense” even with people, but with animals and verbs like “penser” you can use “y”)

Negative Form:

Il n’y va pas

Quiz

Replace the noun with the correct pronouns:

Pascal Dherve

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Pascal Dherve

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