Certain, Indefinite Adjective and Pronoun

Certain, Indefinite Adjective and Pronoun

 

The video is here:

As a noun, this word has several meanings in French, it can be “certain” or “sure”

La victoire est certaine: victory is certain
c’est certain: there is no doubt

But in this lesson we are going to talk about the adjective and pronoun.

1.but can be an indefinite adjective with the meaning of some, i.e. a part of something bigger.

 

A. certaines personnes n’aiment pas la plage: some people don’t like beach

Here it is possible to use “quelques” to translate ‘some’ but the meaning is slightly different as quelques means some of or a few of when you say certaines personnes n’aiment pas la plage you mean that it is true, the fact that there are some people who don’t like beach

So certain is more general. (See the drawing in the video)

More Examples:

For some people: pour certaines personnes

Sometimes: certaines fois (parfois, quelques fois)

Some days: certains jours

 

b. we use the plural and sometimes the singular with a more subtle meaning:

Une certaine personne m’a dit: here you know the person but you don’t want to tell his or her name (the person can be with you or not)

Une personne d’un certain âge: the person is not so young but being polite you don’t want to tell.

 

 

2. Certains can also be a pronoun (always plural)

 

For some people: pour certains

Instead of certaines personnes n’aiment pas la plage you can say certains n’aiment pas la plage

If you speak to an audience or refer to a group of people you can use either certains or quelques uns

Some of you: certains d’entre vous (certains parmi vous) or quelques uns d’entre vous

 

Some of you did not understand the lesson: certains d’entre vous n’ont pas compris la leçon or quelques uns d’entre vous n’ont pas compris la leçon.

These students look young, some like babies: ces étudiants paraissent jeunes, certains (quelques uns) comme des bébés

Some agree, others don’t: certains (quelque uns) sont d’accord, d’autres non!

 

And the feminine form is certaines

Certaines son’t d’accords (referring to girls)

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