How to translate main Phrasal Verbs in Spanish

How to translate main Phrasal Verbs in Spanish – Como traducir los verbos con preposición en Español

1 – Figure out:

According to the meaning of the verb, you will choose the correct Spanish verb.

Figure out = to find, to solve : hallar, encontrar, averiguar.
I can’t figure out which is the correct answer: no puedo averiguar cual es la respuesta correcta.
I’ll figure it out and then I’ll leave: Lo voy a resolver y me iré.
Figure out who is who: Determinar quien es quien.

Figure out = to understand:  entender, llegar a entender
I can’t figure him out: No puedo ententerle.

2 – To look for (to try to find): buscar

I am looking for you: estoy buscando para Ud.
He is looking for trouble: El está buscando problemas.
We looked for a cool spot: buscamos un lugar fresco.

3 – To put on
According to the meaning of the verb, you will choose the correct Spanish verb.

To put on = increase weight: engordarse
I have put on so much that my trousers do not fit me: me engordé tanto que mis pantalones no me sientan bien.

To put on = to kid: tomar el pelo
It does not work? you are putting me on! no funciona? me estas tomando el pelo!

To put on = to switch on: encender
Put the radio on please! enciende la radio por favor!

Of course you can also say to put something on the table and in Spanish it is “poner sobre”

4 – To run into

According to the meaning of the verb, you will choose the correct Spanish verb.

To run into = to collide with: chocar
To run into a car, a wall… chocar contra un carro, una pared

To run into = to bump into: toparse con
We ran into Mark at the supermarket: nos topamos con Marc en el supermercado

To run into = to enconter: encontrar
We are running into trouble: encontramos problemas

To run into = to amount at: ascenderse
Your purchase will run into 2000 euros: su compra se asciende a 2000 euros.

 

5 – To show up

According to the meaning of the verb, you will choose the correct Spanish verb.

To show up = to be visible, to stand out: resaltar, destacarse
The Eiffel tower shows up at night: la tore Eiffel resalta de noche
It is hard to see polar foxes because they don’t show up against the ice. Es difícil ver un zorro polar porque no se destacan del hielo.

To show up = to arrive: llegar, aparecer
My friend has not shown up yet: Mi amigo(a) no ha llegado todavía.

 

6 – To take off

According to the meaning of the verb, you will choose the correct Spanish verb.

To take off = to remove something from: quitar, descalzar, despegar (avión)…

To take off = to reduce the price: reducir.
He took €10 off: redució el precio de 10 €.

To take off : tomar unos días
I take Mondays off: no trabajo los lunés.

To take off = to leave suddenly: marcharse
The concert is really boring, let’s take off: el concierto es muy aburrido, vamonos!

To take off = to be successful: tener éxito
There is a good deal of money to make if this business takes off: hay bastante plata que ganar si ese negocio tiene éxito.

 

7 – To come off

According to the meaning of the verb, you will choose the correct Spanish verb.

To come off = to come from: despegarse
Be careful, your button is coming off your coat: cuidado con tu botón, se está despegando

To come off = to take off = to be successful: salir bien
The wedding came off well: la boda fue un éxito

Come off it: venga ya! no digas tonterías!
You were doing your homework? come off it! estaba haciendo tus deberes? anda! no digas tonterías

 

8 – To doze off = to fall asleep : adormecerse, echar una cabezada
He dozed off during the meal: el se adormeció durante el almuerzo

 

9 – To fall for

According to the meaning of the verb, you will choose the correct Spanish verb.

To fall for = to be attracted: enamorarse
I saw this car and I fell for it immediately: he visto ese carro y me enamoré inmediatamente.

To fall for = to be deceived: creer, tragar
This is not gold, I fell for it: no es de oro, y lo creí.

 

10 – To give in = to surrender, to yield: ceder

My brother pestered my parents and they gave in: mi hermano hostigó a mis padres y cedieron.
I give in: me doy por vencido.