Contraction à la, à l’, au, de la, du in French



Contraction of the definite article with the preposition in French

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Preposition “à”:

In English “à” can be “to”, “at”, “in” and sometimes nothing (I go home)

The preposition “à” is contracted with the masculine definite article in French

Je vais à la plage: “plage” is feminine, no contraction.
Je vais à l’école: “école” is feminine but we don’t mind; the word starts with a vowel so “à l’”.
Je vais à l’étage: “étage” is masculine but again we say “à l’”.
Je vais à l’hotel: same thing for words starting with a mute “h”

Masculine:

Je vais au cinéma ( we don’t say “à le” but “au”)
J’ai mal au pied (my foot hurts)

Plural:

Je vais aux toilettes (toilettes is always plural in French from France)
“Aux” works with masculine and feminine words.

Preposition “de”:

“De” means “of”, “from”…

The preposition “de” is contracted with the masculine definite article in French:

Je viens de la plage: “plage” is feminine, no contraction
Je viens de l’école: “école” is feminine but we don’t mind; the word starts with a vowel so “à l’”
Je viens de l’étage: “étage” is masculine but again we say à l’
Je viens de l’hotel: same thing for words starting with a mute “h”

Masculine:

Je viens du cinéma ( we don’t say “à le” but “au”)
Je veux du pain: I want some bread

Plural:

Je viens des toilettes
“Des” works with masculine and feminine words.

QUIZ:

Je vais ... maison





Il arrive ... bureau (office)




Je joue ... basket




Elle parle ... voisine (she neighbour)



Il vient ... gare



Il mange ... confiture



Nous voulons ... pommes




J'ai mal ... nez (my nose hurts)




Je vais ... docteur







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6 thoughts on “Contraction à la, à l’, au, de la, du in French

  1. daisy

    wow i learn more on this site then at school.
    plz publish more stuff you were a really great help to me thanks a lot.


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